situation politique argentine 2019

Fernandez will maintain the controls to prevent people from dollarizing their savings or taking money out of the country. “Fernandez has hinted in the past that his plans for boosting consumption could involve raising public salaries and benefits, which is something that could have a significant fiscal impact,” said Adriana Dupita, Latin America economist with Bloomberg Economics. script.setAttribute("async", true); Le scrutin se tient en même temps que les élections législatives et sénatoriales. 20:13 30.10.2019 (mis à jour 10:38 18 ... éternelle force politique en Argentine? Argentina’s budget deficit is expected to be 0.5% of GDP by the end of 2019, narrower than the 2.3% deficit in 2018, according to the Economy Ministry. Have a confidential tip for our reporters? Argentina has trimmed its budget deficit throughout Macri's administration. Problem: Argentina’s annual inflation rate has remained above 50% for the past nine months. Problem: Argentina faces three big dollar-denominated debt payments in the next few months -- $1 billion in December, $900 million in January, and $450 million to the IMF in February. The country's main political parties had already chosen their nominees, so the primary election, known locally as the PASO, served as the first concrete measure of voter sentiment. En 2019, les importations ont diminué en raison de la dépréciation de la monnaie et de la faiblesse de la demande intérieure. Argentina Moves Toward Legal Abortion Amid Push for Women’s Rights. As the candidates needed 45 percent of the vote to avoid a second round, the 47 percent obtained by the Fernandez-Fernandez ticket was enough to give them the win. When Alberto Fernandez takes over the Argentine presidency on Dec. 10 he will inherit an economy running short of dollars, with rampant inflation and rising poverty. Infection pulmonaire – Coronavirus Covid-19 (24/12/2020) Le 11 mars, l’OMS a qualifié de « pandémie » l’épidémie de coronavirus Covid-19 (voir liste des pays concernés et chiffres sur le site du Centre européen de prévention et de contrôle des maladies).. A la date du 24 décembre, la situation sanitaire en Argentine est contrastée. They are promises that are likely to push into ever-increasing state intervention and controls that many blame for the crisis in the first place. The unemployment rate rose to 10.6% in the second quarter. Kirchner’s vice-president, Amado Boudou, was sentenced in August 2018 to six years in prison in a different corruption case, while the “Notebook-gate” scandal that began on 01 August 2018 had already involved 26 arrests, 17 plea bargains, 70 raids and 52 subpoenas. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Legacy: One positive trend Fernandez will inherit is a narrowing primary fiscal deficit. “There will have to be some fiscal space to kick-start the economy,” said Hector Torres, Geneva-based senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation. The move helped presidential candidate Alberto Fernandez, a former cabinet chief, and vice presidential candidate Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, widen their appeal to centrist voters. Like the social programs of Argentina’s past, Fernandez is expected to fix prices for gas and electric, and may go further by granting salary hikes and social security payment increases, according to a person familiar with the plan. L'Argentine, ce pays de 44 millions d'habitants, cinq fois la taille de la France, est de nouveau en crise. While currency controls imposed at the start of September have slowed the decline in the country’s peso, they have also led to a resurgence in an alternative exchange rate based on the difference between local shares in pesos and the same foreign-traded shares in dollars. Argentine : la crise politique panique la Bourse et le peso. Il en est aujourd'hui à plus de 95 % de dévaluation vis-à-vis du billet vert. En 2019, le produit intérieur brut argentin chute de 7,7% par rapport à l'année précédente, à 478 milliards de dollars, selon les estimations du FMI. Site officiel de la direction générale du Trésor. Et Mauricio Macri l'a payé cher. Son long recul face au dollar s'est brutalement accéléré depuis le début de l'année (plus de 53 % de baisse), et il a enregistré jeudi sa plus forte dépréciation en une seule journée(-13,52 %). Polls show that Fernandez and his running mate, ex-president Cristina Kirchner, is very likely to obtain the 45 percent of votes needed to secure an outright victory in the first round. General elections were held in Argentina on 27 October 2019, to elect the president of Argentina, members of the national congress and the governors of most provinces. Policy Response: More of the same. With a recession of 2.5 percent in 2018, a 53.5 percent inflation rate in September 2019, and an official unemployment rate of 10.6 percent, incumbent Macri is in serious trouble in the presidential race. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Des élections marquées par une confirmation de la bipolarisation politique et sociale du pays, dans un contexte de crise économique à laquelle les deux principaux candidats voyaient des … Problem: Argentina’s chaotic exchange rate market. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; While, the Front of All candidate for governor of Buenos Aires' province, one of the most important of the country and key for general elections, also won with over 10 points over Macri’s candidate Maria Eugenia Vidal. Before it's here, it's on the Bloomberg Terminal. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); Don’t expect him to ask Argentines to tone down their expectations though. Le solde des administrations publiques en Argentine représentait -2,3% du PIB en 2019 et devrait atteindre -0,7% en 2020 et -1,2% en 2021. Explore what’s moving the global economy in the new season of the Stephanomics podcast. Premier choc en 2018 : un changement de politique monétaire aux États-Unis bouscule les économies émergentes mais l'Argentine, plus vulnérable, plonge plus vite que d'autres. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) pledged its "full support" for Argentina on 31 august 2018 as the country sought to overcome an ongoing economic crisis that has prompted a world-record interest rate hike and seen the value of the peso plunge to a record low against the dollar. var script = document.createElement("script"); The economy had taken center stage with the country in the grip of recession for most of the past year, the outlook for growth darkening, annual inflation over 50 percent, job numbers down and poverty up sharply. Policy Response: To keep dollars in the economy, Fernandez is expected to raise taxes on agricultural exports, a policy that was championed by his running mate, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, during her term in the presidency. Argentines had their first chance on 11 August 2019 to head to the ballot boxes in a high-stakes presidential primary race in which they must choose between staying the course of painful austerity measures or a return to interventionist economics. Le contexte politique actuel En octobre 2019, Alberto Fernández a été élu président de l'Argentine (avec 48,24% des voix), tandis que Mauricio Macri - qui a exercé ses fonctions entre 2015 et 2019 et s'est porté candidat à la réélection - est arrivé deuxième avec 40,28% des voix. Argentina's outstanding loans, T-bills and government bonds denominated in foreign currency*. Problem: Argentines have yanked more than $13.6 billion from bank accounts since August, or 42% of the total, according to central bank data. Party primaries are closely watched in Argentina because they are held simultaneously and voting is obligatory, so they are seen as referendum on candidates' popularity - effectively an early poll involving the entire electorate , since the country’s main political parties have already chosen their nominees. Kirchner was a senator in 2018 and voted favor of legalising abortion. var d = new Date(); ... qui embrasse tout le spectre politique, de la droite jusqu'à la gauche, et qui peine à se mettre d'accord sur un candidat unique. The enormous corruption network revealed pushed the Peronist factions led by Senator Miguel Angel Pichetto and former presidential candidate Sergio Massa further away from Kirchnerism. While gross reserves total $44 billion, analysts estimate net reserves are between $10 billion and $12.5 billion. Similarly, consumer confidence remained downbeat in Q3, pointing to constrained household spending. The corruption case known as “Notebook-gate” had become the front line of the government’s political offensive against ex-president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who was leading the polls ahead of the 2019 elections. Argentine savers withdraw their dollars from banks amid financial turbulence. For the moment, investors and Argentines have been left on tenterhooks. The country held midterm elections in October 2017 for one-third of the Senate and one-half of the Chamber of Deputies. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { L'Argentine, autrefois riche a été détruite par le péronisme. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Policy Response: The lack of dollars means Fernandez will probably have to renegotiate a $56 billion loan accord with the IMF, which he partly blames for the economic crisis. As Argentina went to the polls, the economy topped the agenda of voter concerns in a country that has slid into a recession. “Fernandez and his team believe in government intervention,” said Alejo Costa, chief strategist at BTG Pactual Argentina. The conservative incumbent won backers with plans to reform Argentina's notoriously closed economy with trade deals and a successful push to lure foreign investment into energy projects and infrastructure. Polls indicate the Fernandez-Kirchner ticket lead has since grown. Policy Response: While Macri’s administration projected a 1% budget surplus for 2020, Fernandez’s social spending proposals could wipe out that surplus in the blink of an eye. Because it is a “federal” republic Argentina has national, provincial, municipal and Ciudad de Buenos Aires elections. Mauricio Macri won election to the presidency in 2015 in multiparty elections the media and various nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) described as generally free and fair. Le contexte politique actuel En octobre 2019, Alberto Fernández a été élu président de l'Argentine (avec 48,24% des voix), tandis que Mauricio Macri - qui a exercé ses fonctions entre 2015 et 2019 et s'est porté candidat à la réélection - est arrivé deuxième avec 40,28% des voix. Sur le plan régional, l’Argentine est confrontée depuis plusieurs années à un panorama instable, marqué par la crise politique au Venezuela (près de 150 000 Vénézuéliens se sont installés en Argentine), ainsi que la crise politique en Bolivie et les crises sociales qui se sont développées en 2019 … Argentine leader Mauricio Macri claims he needs to carry out such measures to regain investors’ confidence by reducing the country’s spending. This case is based on eight diaries written by a chauffeur of a former top official under Kirchner’s Ministry of Federal Planning, including details on numerous pick-ups and deliveries of bags with millions of dollars in alleged kickbacks, even to the residences of the Kirchners. 2019 Argentine general election; Elections in Argentina have been regular since the reinstitution of democracy in 1983. Policy Response: Fernandez is likely to re-install utility subsidies to ease the cost of living for the poor. They have dressed as Eva Péron, Argentina’s iconic former first lady, to commemorate the suffragette movement anniversary and put a spotlight on a feminist agenda. Toute l’actualité sur le sujet Argentine. 10/12/2020 - 06:55 L'Italie, l'Argentine et l'Espagne font la Une de la presse internationale En Italie, la presse s'interroge sur le premier cas de Covid qui daterait de novembre 2019. En 2000, le peso était à parité avec le dollar. Consumer prices surged by the most in a year ahead of the elections, rising 5.9% in September from the month before. L’économie argentine est d'ailleurs de nouveau entrée en récession en 2019. Le solde des administrations publiques en Argentine représentait -2,3% du PIB en 2019 et devrait atteindre -0,7% en 2020 et -1,2% en 2021. Macri saw his approval rating fall below 40% in mid-2018 as his government embraced IMF austerity. That so-called blue-chip swap rate is currently above 74 pesos per dollar, while the official rate hovers around 60 per dollar. But to do that, he would need to renegotiate contracts with utility providers, removing the automatic link to the exchange rate, Torres said. The peso, high inflation and high-interest rates will be enough of an example unless the peso turns the corner. Labor unions and social groups blocked streets in downtown Buenos Aires on 12 September 2018 to protest austerity measures proposed by the government and backed by the International Monetary Fund to reduce Argentina’s debt. While the pace of the decline in economic activity softened in July-August from Q2, it remained considerable. If Fernandez were to obtain such a result in October's presidential election, he would become president, as Argentina's electoral law dictates that 45% is enough for an outright victory, avoiding a run-off. He has yet to detail his economic plan and won’t announce his cabinet until Friday, five weeks after being elected. People line up outside of a currency exchange house in Buenos Aires on Oct. 25. L’Argentine n’est pas un pays mais un pendule, estime-t-il. Fernandez has pledged to revive Argentina’s economy and ditch austerity, while trying to re-negotiate a loan deal with the International Monetary Fund. With almost 90 percent of votes counted, Argentinian opposition progressive ticket Alberto Fernandez and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner won over right-wing incumbent President Mauricio Macri with 47,75 over 40,76 percent respectively in the general elections. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? For legislative positions elections are every two years, and for the executive power and governors every 4. Le 9 avril 2019, le FMI a estimé que « les risques à la baisse pour l’économie restent considérables »: elle se contractera de 1,2 % en 2019 et la récession se prolongera jusqu’en 2020. Macri's popularity had fallen in recent months before elections in October, when he will seek a second term. Argentina Economic Outlook. The context of the talks with the IMF was summarized by Bloomberg on 02 September 2018: “Macri is in a pinch to please investors by cutting spending, while ensuring that the belt-tightening austerity doesn’t cause social upheaval ahead of next year’s election.”. Centrist former Finance Minister Roberto Lavagna came in at a distant third with just 8.3 %.

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